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Concussion Protocol:

If a participant sustains a head injury, remove him from the activity or game and observe him or her closely for any signs of concussion.  In most cases, to be safe, the player should not return to the activity.  Coaches and teachers should bring the injury to the parents' attention and consider the following information:


(From Childrens Healthcare of Atlanta)


Concussions are a common and dangerous injury suffered by young athletes that can occur with or without loss of consciousness. In fact, many symptoms of concussion donít show up until 1 to 3 days after the injury. 

While athletes of all ages and activity levels are at risk, those playing soccer and football are some of the most likely to suffer a concussion while on the field.

For soccer players, concussions are most often caused by improper heading techniques, or from head-to-head and arm-to-head contact while competing for 50/50 balls in the air. Collisions with other players on the field, or being kicked in the head by a high kick or side tackle can also result in concussions.


What is a concussion?

A concussion is an injury to the brain. It can be caused by a blow or bump to or around the head. This causes the brain to move inside the skull which can change how the brain works or processes information.

It is important to remember:

When should I call a doctor?

If you suspect your child has a concussion, talk to your child's doctor. All head injuries should be taken seriously. In case of an urgent concern or emergency, call 911 or go to the nearest emergency department right away.

How to identify a concussion

Your child's doctor will help determine if he has a concussion. Evaluations for suspected concussions may include:

Your child may not have symptoms until a few days after the injury. A symptom is what is reported by the child. Your child may report one or more of these symptoms:

New or worsening symptoms

You should watch your child very carefully in the first one to two days after a concussion. Call your child's doctor immediately, go to emergency room or call 911 if your child has any new symptoms or if symptoms get worse, such as:

Second impact and post-concussion symptoms

Athletes who suffer a concussion have a three to four times higher risk of suffering a second concussion. The second concussion may be caused by milder impact and the symptoms typically last longer than with the first one.

Second Impact Syndrome
We cannot stress enough how important it is that your child wait for full-recovery before getting back in the game. If an athlete suffers a second blow to the head before fully recovering from a concussion, the consequence can be catastrophic. Second Impact Syndrome (SIS) results in a massive rush of blood into the brain causing irreversible brain swelling, seizures, coma or death in one-half of all cases. Over 90 percent of survivors of SIS have permanent brain damage.

Post-concussive syndrome
When an athlete suffers from concussion symptoms for over six weeks, itís called post-concussive syndrome. Itís difficult to predict who will get post-concussive syndrome, but kids with a previous concussion, ADHD, migraines or any other neurological condition may be at higher risk.

Steps to get help

It's important to get your child evaluated if you suspect a concussion. If your child is participating in a sport at the time of injury, take him out of the game or practice. Your child should avoid activities that put him at risk for another head injury soon after the first one. A child should recover and be completely symptom-free at rest and with physical exertion before returning to sports or other activities. Before a youth athlete can return to play, he must be cleared by a healthcare provider trained in the management of concussions.

In case of an urgent concern or emergency, call 911 or go to the nearest emergency department right away.

1. Contact your pediatrician or visit a Children's Urgent Care Center or Emergency Department.

2. Get your non-urgent questions answered.